Turkish Journal of Geriatrics 2013 , Vol 16, Issue 1
ASSESSMENT OF SLEEP QUALITY WITH PITTSBURGH, EPWORTH AND MORNINGNESSEVENINGNESS QUESTIONNAIRE SCALES IN THE ELDERLY AT NURSING HOME
Vesile ŞENOL1, Ferhan SOYUER1, Pelin NAR ŞENOL2
1Erciyes Üniversitesi, Sağlık Hizmetleri Meslek Yüksek Okulu KAYSERİ
2Hacettepe Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Nöroloji Anabilim Dalı ANKARA
Introduction: This study aimed to define the sleep quality levels of the elderly living in a nursing home and to determine the relation between sleep quality and sociodemographic properties, circadien rhythm changes and daytime sleepiness in the elderly.

Materials and Method: This study was implemented with a sample group of 136 people who were ≥65 and were dwelling at Gazio¤lu Nursing Homes in Kayseri. Sleep quality was assessed with Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), circadian rhythm with Morningness- Eveningness Questionnaire (MEQ) and daytime sleepiness with Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS). In the statistical analysis; percent and frequency distribution, t test and ANOVA were used.

Results: The mean age of the sample was 75.05±6.96 consisting of 59.6% males. 64.7% had not received formal education, 83.1% were divorced. The mean score of PSQI was 6.01±3.17 and 55.1% of aged had a poor sleep quality. PSQI mean scores were higher for females, for illiterate (6.42±3.21), for married, and for subjects with a chronic disease. 49.3% of the aged were “close to morning type” and 47.8% indicated “intermediate type” feature. 23.0% of the group had increased daytime sleepiness.

Conclusion: More than half of aged had a poor sleep quality. Gender, marital status and presence of chronic diseases significantly influence sleep quality. Keywords : Aged; Homes for the Aged; Sleep Disorders