Turkish Journal of Geriatrics 2015 , Vol 18, Issue 2
RELIABILITY AND VALIDITY OF FOUR STEP SQUARE TEST IN OLDER ADULTS
Emir İbrahim IŞIK1, Filiz ALTUĞ2, Uğur CAVLAK2
1Private Rehabilitation Center, GAZİANTEP
2Pamukkale University, School of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, DENİZLİ
Introduction: The aim of this Cross-sectional descriptive study was to determine the reliability and validity of Four Step Square Test for use to evaluate balance ability in older adults.

Materials and Method: Participants were 44 men and 36 women (n=80; Mean age of the participants were 72.69±5.09 years. Participants performed the Four Step Square Test, the Time Up & Go test, the Functional Reach test, the One Leg Standing test and completed the Berg Balance Scale.

Results: The Four Step Square Test has good Cronbach’s Alpha (0.96) with the other balance measures. The Four Step Square Test has good correlations with the Time Up & Go test (p<0.001) and in the same way there were a good correlations between the Four Step Square Test and Berg Balance Scale (p<0.001).

Conclusion: Four Step Square Test is a reliable and valid tool for measuring the dynamic balance ability in older adults. Keywords : Postural Balance; Aged; Reproducibility of Results