Turkish Journal of Geriatrics 2013 , Vol 16, Issue 3
Betül BAKAN1, Mustafa Haki SUCAKLI2
1Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Fiziksel Tıp ve Rehabilitasyon Anabilim Dalı KAHRAMANMARAŞ
2Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Aile Hekimliği Anabilim Dalı KAHRAMANMARAŞ
Introduction: Musculoskeletal disorders in the elderly may impair self-sufficiency and quality of life. Early diagnosis and treatment of such diseases are possible. The aim of our study was to accentuate the methods of treatment and rehabilitation for preventing morbidity and mortality due to the existing diseases of the musculoskeletal system, detected in the elderly living in the nursing home of our city.

Materials and Method: Ninety elderly volunteers (29 women, 61 men) living in the nursing home of our city were included in the study. Name and surname, age, occupation, duration of living at rest home, habits, diseases and use of medications were questioned and recorded for all of the participants and musculoskeletal examination was carried out.

Results: Mean age of our study group was 77±8 years (range: 61-100). Frequently observed disorders were as follows: lumbar spondylosis (28%), knee osteoarthritis (26%), cervical spondylosis (16%), coxarthrosis (14%), lumbar radiculopathy (13%), hip prosthesis (10%), hemiplegia (10%), cervical radiculopathy (7%), extremity amputation (4%), rotator cuff lesions (3%), knee replacement (3%), bedridden (9%). In 60% of the elderly more than one musculoskeletal system complaints were found.

Conclusion: Musculoskeletal problems requiring physical therapy and rehabilitation were detected in 80% of the elderly living in the nursing home. The elderly people living in the nursing home included in this study could not receive regular physical therapy, rehabilitation or an exercise program. Recommendations were made to the elderly for the treatment of health problems. In our opinion, establishment of physical therapy units in such centers and providing continuous active service and training to the elderly may increase self-sufficiency and quality of life. Keywords : Nursing Home; Aged; Musculoskeletal Diseases