Turkish Journal of Geriatrics 2016 , Vol 19, Issue 2
INVESTIGATION OF DEPRESSION AND COGNITIVE FUNCTIONS IN THE ELDERLY IN KARS
Nihal BOSTANCI DAŞTAN, Yeliz AKKUŞ
Kafkas University, Health Sciences Faculty, KARS Introduction: This study was conducted for screening of depressive symptoms and cognitive functions to the elderly registered family health centres in Kars.

Materials and Method: This was a cross-sectional type study conducted in Kars to the elderly recorded by six family health centres. In the study; a questionnaire form, the Geriatric Depression Scale and Standardized Mini-Mental Test (for illiterate or literate) were used. Research data were evaluated using Mann-Whitney U test, Kruskal-Wallis test and Spearman Correlation analysis.

Results: According to the average points of the elderly people; they are between 72.06±6.65 years old, their depression points 13.43±6.86 and their SMMT/E-SMMT points are 20.48±8.05. 50.4 % of them were found risky in terms of depression and 57.7% of them were found risky in terms of cognitive status. There has been found a positive relation between their ages and their depression (r=.059; p<0.001), a negative relation between their ages and cognitive status (r=.-083; p<0.001) and also there has been found a negative relation between their depression levels and cognitive status (r=.-298; p<0.001). There has been determined a meaningful relation between the elderly individuals' depression and cognitive status according to marital status, educational status, job, income, the palace where they live mostly, frequency of contact with their family, being a smoker or nonsmoker, sleep disorder, the age that the perceive, perceiving health, health problem, frequency of using medicine and restriction due to a health problem.

Conclusion: The destruction which the elderly people witress in terms of depression and cognitive status in Kars, aged ³65, also stands as an important problem. Keywords : Aging; Cognitive Function; Depression