Turkish Journal of Geriatrics 2022 , Vol 25, Issue 4
Yusuf Emre ÖZDEMİR1, Muhammet Salih TARHAN1, Burak KIZILÇAY1, Müge SÖNMEZIŞIK1, Esra CANBOLAT ÜNLÜ1, Deniz BORÇAK1, Serkan SÜRME2, Meryem ŞAHİN ÖZDEMİR3, Osman Faruk BAYRAMLAR4, Zuhal YEŞİLBAĞ1, Sevtap ŞENOĞLU1, Habip GEDİK1, Kadriye KART YAŞAR1
1Bakirkoy Dr Sadi Konuk Training and Research Hospital, Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Istanbul, Turkey
2Haseki Training and Research Hospital, Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Istanbul, Turkey
3Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Cerrahpasa Faculty of Medicine, Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Istanbul, Turkey
4Bakirkoy District Health Directorate, Public Health, Istanbul, Turkey
DOI : 10.31086/tjgeri.2022.321 Introduction: We aimed to compare the COVID-19 outcomes in unvaccinated and CoronaVac vaccinated older adults.

Materials and Method: In this single-center study, patients aged ?65 years who were hospitalized for COVID-19 were retrospectively analyzed in two groups: unvaccinated and vaccinated.

Results: A total of 742 patients were included. The mean age was 76.6±7.6 years. Of these, 46.1% (n=342) were male, 76.0% (n=564) were vaccinated. Among patients who were transferred to the intensive care unit (n=217), 206 (27.8%) received invasive mechanical ventilation support and 194 (26.1%) were died. In the multivariate analysis, advanced age (OR=1.03, 95%CI=1.01-1.06, p<0.01) and a high Charlson Comorbidity Index (OR=1.24, 95%CI=1.12-1.38, p<0.01) were predictors of mortality, while being vaccinated (OR=0.75, 95%CI=0.62- 0.91, p<0.01) was associated with survival. Vaccination reduced the need for intensive care by 26.5% and mortality by 24.9 %. When the vaccinated group was evaluated, high Charlson Comorbidity Index (OR=1.428, 95%CI=1.14- 1.64, p<0.01) was an independent predictor for mortality. However, booster vaccination in the last 130 days was the only protective factor that reduced mortality (p=0.04, 95%CI=0.43-0.99, OR=0.66) in multivariate analysis. Booster dose vaccination in the last 130 days reduced mortality by 33.8%.

Conclusion: CoronaVac vaccination improved survival in hospitalized older adult patients (?65 years old) with COVID-19. However, delaying the booster dose for more than 130 days were significantly associated with decreased survival. Therefore, older adults who completed their primary vaccination series with CoronaVac should not delay their booster dose to reduce the risk of death. Keywords : COVID-19; Aged; Death; Vaccination