Turkish Journal of Geriatrics 2009 , Vol 12, Issue 1
Ankara Fizik Tedavi Rehabilitasyon Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi, 3. Fizik Tedavi ve Rehabilitasyon Kliniği ANKARA Parkinson disease is a chronic, progressive and neurodegenerative movement disorder. It is seen 2% of the population over 65 years of age. As a result of degeneration of basal ganglia and subcortical nuclei functions, some difficulties appear like decreasing postural reflex, movement disorders like rigidity; speech, swallowing and cognitive dysfunctions, and autonomic nervous system trouble. Parkinson patients often benefit from rehabilitation interventions besides medical and surgical treatments. The results of studies suggest a benefit in patients with Parkinson's disease of an exercise program that focuses on improving range of motion, endurance, balance, and gait. For all that, additional research is needed to develop more effective exercise programs and to scientifically verify the impact of rehabilitation programs on disability. In this article, rehabilitation interventions for Parkinson disease with the guidance of the literature were reviewed. Keywords : Parkinson's disease, Rehabilitation, Exercise, Posture, Speech